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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂朝賢(2001)。〈非營利組織與政府的關係:以九二一賑災為例〉。《台灣社會福利學刊》,第2期,頁39-77。
  2. 紀俊臣〈2005〉〈府際合作治理體制之組織設計:我國府際合作治理之分析模式〉。發表於中區推動府際合作公共論壇,行政院研究發展考核委員會主辦,臺中(2005年11月11日)。
  3. 謝建財(2006)。《我國廉政機制變革之研究》。國立臺灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  4. Galaskiewicz, J. (1979). Exchange Networks and Community Politics. New York: Academic Press.
  5. Pfeffer, Jeffrey, & Gerald R. Salancik (1978). The External Control of Organization: A Resource Dependence Perspective. New York: Harper and Row.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林淵源(2014)。法務部調查局與廉政署肅貪策略互動研究:以治理觀點分析。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2014。1-240。 
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