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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李丁讚、陳兆勇(1998)。衛星電視與國族想像:以衛視中文台的日劇為觀察對象。新聞學研究,第56期,頁9-34。
  2. 徐欽祥、曾智檉、何篤光(2013)。以科技接受模式和資訊系統成功模式探討大專運動會官網使用意圖。休閒運動保健學報,第5期,頁9-23。
  3. 張翠園(2012)。泳裝設計師核心競爭力之研究-以習慣領域之能力集合為例。習慣領域期刊,第3卷,第2期,頁53-70。
  4. 陳彥曲、游伯龍(2009)。提升企業競爭力新思維-創新動態學。習慣領域期刊,第1卷,第1期,頁19-46,交通大學,新竹。
  5. 陳啟昌(2006)。探討台灣健身俱樂部及私人教練巿場之概況。運動管理,第11期,頁35-44。
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