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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈百奎、鄧汀欽、余志儒、林俊義。2002。西瓜栽培管理。行政院農業委員會農業試驗所特刊第103號。台中。44pp。
  2. 林學詩。1995。西瓜及洋香瓜產業與研究。臺灣蔬菜產業改進研討會專集: 7-20。台中區農業改良場特刊第37號。台中。369pp。
  3. 林靜宜、詹富智。2005。無篩選標示基因轉基因植物之構築及其最新發展。植物病理學會刊14: 159-176。
  4. Akashi, K., Morikawa, K., and Yokota, A. 2005. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system for the drought and excess light stress-tolerant wild watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). Plant Biotechnol. 22: 13-18.
  5. Baulcombe, D. C. 1996. RNA as a target and an initiator of post-transcriptional gene silencing in transgenic plants. Plant Mol. Biol. 32: 79-88.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江宜樺(2009)。利用轉錄後基因沉寂發展具有多重病毒抗性之轉基因西瓜。中興大學農藝學系所學位論文。2009。1-58。 
  2. 李佳華(2011)。抗三種蝴蝶蘭病毒轉基因植物之研發。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。2011。1-55。
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