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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳啟吉、劉達修。1994。水稻莖桿特性與其對螟蟲之感受性關係研究。臺中區農業改良場研究彙報 43:1-6。
  2. 黃秋蘭、丁文彥、江瑞拱。2008。臺東良質米之栽培技術。行政院農業委員會臺東區農業改良場 pp. 7-8。
  3. 劉達修、王文哲、王玉沙。1991。臺中地區二化螟蟲多發生地區猖獗因子之研究。中華昆蟲 11:300-309。
  4. 鄭清煥、朱耀沂。1999。台灣光復後水稻害蟲之發生演變及防治研究之回顧。植物保護學會會刊 41:9-34。
  5. 鄭清煥。2000。應用性費洛蒙於水稻二化螟蛾族群之發生偵測與預測。植物保護學會會刊 42:201-212。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孟子翔(2018)。二化螟乙醯膽鹼酯酶表現蛋白的純化研究。中興大學昆蟲學系所學位論文。2018。1-53。
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