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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊棨貿。2008。菸草中一個疑似甲基轉移酶對竹嵌紋病毒複製之影響。國立中興大學農業生物科技學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 卓育秀。2008。建立基因靜默抑制子HC-Pro基因轉殖植物及分析HC-Pro對應用竹嵌紋病毒載體表現外來基因之影響。國立中興大學農業生物科技學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 林彥良。2006。紅檜Caffeoyl-CoA 3-O-methyltransferase基因之選殖及其轉基因菸草木質素分析。國立台灣大學森林環境暨資源學系說是論文
  4. 葉錫東、陳林築、楊長賢、曾志正、詹富智。2004。植物基因轉殖之原理與應用。
  5. Ahlquist, P., Noueiry, A.O., Lee, W.M., Kushner, D.B., and Dye, B.T. (2003). Host factors in positive-strand RNA virus genome replication. J Virol 77, 8181-8186.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 程鈞煒(2011)。菸草類甲基轉移酶對竹嵌紋病毒之影響。中興大學生物科技學研究所學位論文。2011。1-65。 
  2. 李湘琪(2012)。建立竹嵌紋病毒衛星核酸之生體內包被系統。中興大學生物科技學研究所學位論文。2012。1-66。
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