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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古永嘉(1996)。《企業研究方法》。臺北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 吳思華(2012)。《策略思考的本質》。臺北:臉譜文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 王今暐(2010)。《發展契機或健康隱憂?從後進發展觀點看台灣的醫學美容產業》。國立成功大學公共衛生研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺南市。
  4. 王漢龍(2012)。《醫學美容經營策略之研究-以C公司個案為例》。國立臺北科技大學管理學院經營管理EMBA專班碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 江育佳(2012)。《應用ANP與群集分析建立 顧客關係管理模型之研究-以醫學美容產業為例》。國立臺北大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,新北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝尚卿(2016)。我國發展醫療旅遊之芻議—以美容醫學體系為例。中山大學高階經營碩士班學位論文。2016。1-91。
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