Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昭閔、邱繡河、何素鵬、翁震炘、林子恩、徐慶霖。2002。禽畜糞好氣式堆肥處理之細菌調查。台灣獸醫學雜誌28:228-234。
  2. 林子恩、徐慶霖。1996。中止蛋、未孵種蛋和初生雛之陰性菌叢檢測。中華民國獸醫學會雜誌22(6):361-366。
  3. 林子恩、余章游、潘春英、徐慶霖。1997。初生雛雞之甲種副傷寒桿菌感染症。中華獸醫誌23(4):368-372。
  4. 邱雲棕、魯懿萍、鄭益謙、劉振軒、陳姿妤。1988。豬霍亂沙氏桿菌性肺炎之病理學研究及藥物感受性試驗。中華獸醫誌24:99-108。
  5. 徐慶霖、李雅珍、林凱威、陳鵬文。2008。犬隻使用中央靜脈導管相關感染之評估。台灣獸醫誌34(1):49-56。
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