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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳蓉。2011。Streptomyces sp. strain S1抗生物質之產生及其與卵菌綱病原危害防治之作用機制初探。台中:國立中興大學植物病理所碩士論文。76 pp。
  2. 陳俊良。2015。鏈黴菌Streptomyces sp. strain S1菌株作為木瓜疫病Phytophthora palmivora防治生物製劑之應用潛力。台中:國立中興大學植物病理所碩士論文。69 pp。
  3. 陳玥如。2012。枯草桿菌與鏈黴菌處理對土壤及葉菜類蔬菜害物藥劑降解促進性之初探。台中:國立中興大學植物病理所碩士論文。122 pp。
  4. 陳隆鍾、賴學珍、李崇正、鍾依紋、安寶貞。1998。環境因子對荔枝露疫病菌菌絲生長之影響。植物病理學會刊7: 128-133 pp。
  5. 張哲嘉、林宗賢、顏昌瑞、張哲瑋、李文立。2009。台灣荔枝之生產與改進。台灣農學會報10 (1): 63-76。
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