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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于健、廖嘉信 (2014)。休閒運動對國小高年級學童體適能之影響-以樂趣化跳繩運動為例。觀光與休閒管理期刊,2(2),127-138。
  2. 方彥博、呂謙、許寓涵 (2016)。金門地區國小高年級學童家長參與親子休閒活動之參與動機、休閒阻礙與效益之研究。運動與遊憩研究,11(2),78-90。
  3. 方進隆 (1995)。八十三年度提升國民體適能方案-學生體能檢測報告書,台北:國立師範大學學校體育研究與發展中心。
  4. 宋代芬、張育愷、林季燕 (2015)。肥胖與體適能對孩童認知功能之影響。中華體育季刊,29(3),229-236。
  5. 李麗晶、鄭溫暖 (2009)。生活型態之身體活動介入概念與實務。中華體育季刊,23 (3),17-26。
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