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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳閔鈺 (2010),全球服務外包產業的發展現況, 於台灣經濟研究月刊 (Vol. 33):台灣經濟研究院。
  2. 宋文娟 (2001),一種質量並重的研究法:德菲法在醫務管理學研究領域之應用,醫務管理期刊,2(2),11-20。
  3. 張弘欣 (2010),關係管理對研發委外作業績效影響之研究─以台灣生技產業與委託研究機構為例,國立中興大學碩士論文。
  4. 許嘉伊 (2005),生技服務業分析,台北:台灣經濟研究院。
  5. 葉晉嘉、吳濟華、翁興利 (2007),德菲法與模糊德菲法之比較研究,調查研究-方法與應用,中央研究院:調查研究專題中心,21,32-58。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳建佑(2010)。以銷售預估模型及實質選擇權探討研發彈性規劃:以生物晶片公司為例。中興大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-66。 
  2. 黎西涵(2011)。臨床試驗委託研究機構價值單元、資源優勢、與策略之個案研究。政治大學管理碩士學程(AMBA)學位論文。2011。1-78。
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