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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王甫昌(1996)。〈臺灣反對運動的共識動員:一九七九到一九八九年兩 次挑戰高峰的比較〉。《臺灣政治學刊》,第1期,頁129-209。
  2. 徐火炎(1996)。〈臺灣選民的國家認同與黨派投票行為:一九九一年至 一九九三年間的實證研究結果〉。《臺灣政治學刊》,第1期,頁85-127。
  3. 陳陸輝(2000)。〈臺灣選民政黨認同的持續與變遷〉。《選舉研究》, 第7卷第2期,頁109-141。
  4. 陳孔立(2001)。〈臺灣「去中國化」的文化動向〉。《中華文化與兩岸 關係論文集》,頁249-255。
  5. 陳義彥、盛杏湲(2003)。〈政治分歧與政黨競爭:2001年立法委員選舉 的分析〉。《選舉研究》,第10卷第1期,頁7-40。
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