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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 楊志良(1991),公共衛生新論,增訂一版。
  2. 5. 何建志,基因歧視與法律對策之研究,國立臺灣大學法律學研究所博士論文,2002年06月。
  3. 9. 張雅芳,基因檢測倫理問題及論理指導原則之探討,國立成功大學護理學系碩士論文,2009年01月13日,頁8。
  4. 10. 曾敏傑(2007),《罕見疾病社會立法的倡導、行動與成果》,優生保健暨罕見疾病防治學術論文集,行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  5. 12. 曾雅玲、邱燦宏,產前遺傳診斷及其照護,護理雜誌,56卷6期。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林育如(2015)。孕婦對唐氏症篩檢和遺傳診斷過程中知識、態度和經驗及其相關因素之探討。臺灣大學分子醫學研究所學位論文。2015。1-134。 
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