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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1. 王明元與鄭志富,2011,「台灣觀光發展現況與未來展望」,商業現代化學刊,6(1):209-228。
    2. 2. 何素枝,2008,「觀光景點轉型與旅遊發展之研究─以日月潭國家風景區為例」,國立中興大學應用經濟學系碩士論文。
    3. 5. 張世芳,2010,「自然旅遊需求預測-以日月潭國家風景區為例」,國立中興大學應用經濟學系碩士論文。
    4. 6. 張宏生,2009,「開放大陸人士來台旅遊對台灣觀光產業之效益影響」,臺灣觀光學報,6:15-32。
    5. 7. 張育維,2011,「混合模式於觀光需求預測之研究」,管理實務與理論研究,5(3):74- 86。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林聰利(2014)。台灣寺廟景點淡季吸引遊客的關鍵因素-以嘉義縣新港鄉奉天宮為例。中正大學高階主管管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-156。
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