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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ahlfeld , D. P., Mulvey, J. M., Pinder, G. F., and Wood, E. F. (1988). "Contaminated Groundwater Remediation Design Using Simulation, Optimization, and Sensitivity Theory 1. Model Development." Water Resources Research, 24(3), 431-441.
  2. Bhallamudi, S. M., Rao, S. V. N., Thandaveswara, B. S., and Srinivasulu, V. (2003). "Optimal groundwater management in deltaic regions using simulated annealing and neural networks." Water Resources Management, 17(6), 409-428.
  3. Chan Hilton, A. B., and Culver, T. B. (2000). "Constraint handling for genetic algorithms in optimal remediation design." Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 126(3), 128-137.
  4. Chan Hilton, A. B., and Culver, T. B. (2005). "Groundwater remediation design under uncertainty using genetic algorithms." Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 131(1), 25-34.
  5. Chelouah, R., and Siarry, P. (2000). "Tabu search applied to global optimization." European Journal of Operational Research, 123(2), 256-270.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴彌輝(2007)。物理性擋水牆與地下水抽取處理系統最佳配置之研究。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2007。1-101。
  2. 卓延穎(2008)。禁忌搜尋法及模擬退火法於污水管網最佳化設計之應用。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2008。1-80。
  3. 王錦隆(2012)。應用啟發式演算法於抽水源及污染源鑑定問題。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2012。1-91。
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