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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江宜樺(2003)。《民族主義與民主政治》。臺北:國立臺灣大學。
  2. 林淑馨(2010)。《質性研究-理論與實務》。臺北:巨流圖書。
  3. 李雯智(2006)。〈2000年以後國內外組織認同研究評析〉。《學校行政雙月刊》,第45期,頁60-72。
  4. 林家五(2006)。〈認定與認同在組織中的運作歷程:利益關係者理論的觀點〉。《人力資源管理學報》,第6卷第3期,頁119-142。
  5. 高明瑞、楊東鎮(2002)。〈比較宗教與非宗教醫院志工組織認同與組織承諾之研究—以五家醫院為例〉。《醫務管理期刊》,第3期第2卷,頁49- 60。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪志明(2016)。職場友誼對組織公民行為的影響-以情緒勞務為調節變數。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2016。1-85。
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