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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李惠萍、蘇諼。「餐旅管理領域學生的資訊尋求行為探討」。大學圖書館8卷1期(民93年3月),頁147-166。
  2. 黃慕萱。「情境模式在解釋資訊尋求行為之適用性探討」。圖書館學刊9期(民83年10月),頁49-55。
  3. 黃慕萱。「檢索問題對資訊尋求和資訊檢索之影響」。大學圖書館 3卷3期(民88年7月),頁11-32。
  4. 黃慕萱。「成人讀者的資訊尋求行為」。臺北市立圖書館館訊19卷2期(民90年12月),頁9-19。
  5. 陳昭珍。「從使用者需求與文獻特性看圖書館界資訊組織模式發展趨」。大學圖書館2卷3期(民國87年7月),頁105-115。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊宜英(2015)。科研機構電子期刊使用之個案研究。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系數位出版與典藏數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-93。 
  2. 卓淑玲(2011)。從小組合作撰寫小論文歷程探討高中生 之資訊需求和資訊尋求行為。中興大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2011。1-155。 
  3. 劉煌裕(2012)。開南大學教師資訊需求與資訊尋求行為之研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2012。1-137。 
  4. 謝珍妮(2010)。科技機構研究人員協同合作與資訊行為之研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2010。1-155。 
  5. 莊秀禎(2009)。基督教神職人員的工作角色、任務與資訊行為之研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2009。1-205。 
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