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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院勞工委員會(1998)。就業安全辭典。台北市:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
  2. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局統計室(2012)。技能檢定統計。2012年7月4日,取自
  3. 行政院勞委會職業訓練局(1994)。邁向職業證照社會。行政院勞委會職訓局出版。
  4. 吳鳳惠(2009)。雲林地區高職實用技能學程美髮技術科學生學習滿意度之研究。台南科技大學生活應用科學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
  5. 李隆盛(1996)。科技與職業教育的課題。臺北:師大書苑。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝忠煌(2013)。電子書輔助技能檢定教學之研究-以電腦軟體應用丙級學科為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-87。
  2. 黃瑞柱(2016)。結合情境式教學探討模擬式網路商城系統於C2C的教學成效。中興大學資訊管理學系所學位論文。2016。1-90。
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