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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王毓華、蘇俊峰、楊智凱、林毓雯、林楨祐、魏夢麗。2011。土壤蒸汽處理對溫室東方甜瓜生育之影響。台灣農業研究 60(3):167-177。
  2. 林世旻。2011。黃皮洋香瓜直立式栽培之結果生理及使用NaCl對果實品質之影響。國立中興大學園藝學系研究所碩士論文。台中。
  3. 施純堅。1999。澎湖地區高品質洋香瓜栽培之研究 Ⅱ. 種植其與結果節位上方葉片數對溫室洋香瓜生長與品質之影響。高雄區農業改良場研究會報 10:51-63。
  4. 陳吉村。2009。土壤改良增進施肥效果。花蓮區農業專訊 65:5-7。
  5. 黃賢良、鄭安秀、陳文雄。1999。隧道式洋香瓜栽培管理。台南區農業改良場技術專刊(No.92) 88-6。
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