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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. C. H. Hsu, D. H. Chen, “Preparation and Characterization of Zinc Oxide Nanopowers” ,(2006) .
  2. 2. J. H. Lee, M. H. Hon, “Growth and characterization of ZnO nanorod arrays by aqueous solution method ” ,(2009) .
  3. 6. Y. H. Chuang, Y. J. Lin, “Preparation and Optical Properties of ZnO Thin Films from Aqueous Solutions” ,(2009) .
  4. 8. “Sythesis and Photocatalytic Activity of Titania Catalyst Supported on Carbon Nanotudes by Sol-Gel Method” , (2011) 國立中興大學化工所 陳冠璋碩士論文 .
  5. 9. W. W. Lu, S. Y. Gao, J. J. Wang, “One-Pot Synthesis of Ag/ZnO Self-Assembled 3D Hollow Microspheres with Enhanced Photocatalytic Performance” , J. Phys. Chem. C 112 (2008) 16792-16800.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古孟婷(2014)。以氧化鋅摻於二氧化鈦光觸媒之製備及其光催化活性之研究。中興大學化學工程學系所學位論文。2014。1-144。 
  2. 蔡宛娟(2015)。摻雜鉑金屬之氧化鋅-二氧化鈦光觸媒之製備及光催化活性研究。中興大學化學工程學系所學位論文。2015。1-179。
  3. 邱姿萍(2016)。摻雜鉑與聚葡萄胺糖之二氧化鈦光觸媒製備及光催化活性研究。中興大學化學工程學系所學位論文。2016。1-144。
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