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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣企業社會責任網站:
  2. 涂秋汝(2007)。定期海運業企業社會責任、企業形象與組織績效之探討。國立成功大學交通管理科學系碩士論文。
  3. 黃建銘(2008)。企業社會責任與營運績效分析:兩層級資料包絡分析法之應用。國立政治大學財政研究所碩士論文。
  4. 黃庭輝,「企業社會責任的發展」,2009-11-26
  5. 陳文詠(2008)。企業社會責任與組織公民行為模式之驗證。雲林科技大學技術及職業教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顏月緞(2014)。公開發行公司監察制度之研究。中興大學法律學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-194。 
  2. 宋炫章(2015)。台北市建築工地圍籬綠美化參賽廠商之行為研究。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2015。1-167。 
  3. 沈延倫(2014)。職業安全衛生法對銀行業影響之探討。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2014。1-157。
  4. 胡家琪(2014)。企業社會責任價值創造之路徑分析。中正大學會計與資訊科技學系學位論文。2014。1-69。
  5. 呂芝倚(2015)。執行企業社會責任對公司經營績效之影響-以資訊通訊產業(ICT)為例。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2015。1-114。
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