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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江迪蔚。2006。枯草桿菌Bacillus subtilis WG6-14 於檬果黑斑病防治之應用潛力與作用機制。國立中興大學植物病理系碩士論文。79 頁。
  2. 呂冠民。2011。柑橘潰瘍病菌生物膜與致病性及枯草桿菌群於其生物防治應用機制。國立中興大學植物病理系碩士論文。84頁。
  3. 林漢釗。2006。益生性枯草桿菌 Bacillus subtilis WG6-14在水稻栽培與病害管理上之應用性。國立中興大學植物病理系碩士論文。152頁。
  4. 林雅涵。2015。茶與百香果炭疽病之拮抗微生物鑑定及其於病害防治應用潛力。國立中興大學植物病理系碩士論文。90頁。
  5. 吳佳樺。2010。聚麩胺酸量產於枯草桿菌特殊功能生物殺菌劑發展之應用。國立中興大學植物病理系碩士論文。68頁。
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