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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王蔚芸、王桂芸、楊玉英(2007)。焦慮之概念分析。長庚護理,18(1),59-67。
  2. 吳麗芬、周青波、陸秀芳、曾惠楨(2006)。團體懷舊治療實務指引之研發。實證護理,2(3),173-179。
  3. 李囿運、謝淑蘭、翁嘉英、孫蒨如、梁庚辰(2012)。情緒影片誘發的自律神經反應模式。中華心理學刊,54(4),527-560。
  4. 沈智威(2010)。芳香療法於國小教師自律神經的調整作用(碩士論文)。取自臺灣博碩士論文系統。(系統編號098THMU8652011)
  5. 周玉淳、藍育慧、趙淑員(2008)。運用個別懷舊治療減緩一位失智長者焦慮之護理經驗。護理雜誌,55(4),105-110。
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