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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳豐盛,2003,論國營事業之績效評估:以經濟部所屬國營事業為例,研考雙月刊27卷5期,頁80-91。
  2. 宋餘俠,2005,行政法人績效管理的探討,研考雙月刊29卷2期,頁39-49。
  3. 林文燦,2003,落實績效獎金及績效管理制度的參考作法,研考雙月刊27卷5期,頁92-101。
  4. 林忠正,2006,懲罰怠惰、流失人才,升等續聘標準的經濟分析,中央研究院經濟所學術研討論文。
  5. 莊奕琦,李鈞元,2003,如何衡量人力資本:理論與台灣實證,第五屆經濟發展學術研討會,頁51-85。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于子逸(2013)。國營事業的組織與協調分析–以台糖公司為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-96。 
  2. 杜承恩(2010)。圖書出版業員工績效評估研究。臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系學位論文。2010。1-169。
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