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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾淑賢。公共圖書館讀者與非讀者特性之分析─臺北市民生社區抽樣調查。臺北市:漢美,民79年。
  2. 王梅玲。「期待下一個百期《全國新書資訊月刊》」。全國新書資訊月刊100期(民國96年4月),頁7-9。
  3. 李明傑。「從台中市文化中心兒童室─談如何經營兒童圖書館」。臺北市立圖書館館訊12卷2期(民83年12月),頁87-90。
  4. 胡懿琴。「略談美國公共圖書館對學前兒童之服務」。臺北市立圖書館館訊1卷3期(民72年12月),頁18-22。
  5. 孫筱娟。「臺北地區兒童圖書館(室)選書政策之調查研究」。臺北市立圖館館訊17卷1期(民89年9月),頁78-92。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉智純(2015)。臺中市沙鹿區深波圖書館「閱讀起步走」計劃之公私夥伴關係。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2015。1-153。 
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