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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9、行政院公共工程委員會(2006),公共工程品質管理訓練班教材第二單元下冊。
  2. 11、吳憲斌(2001),新型道路交通工程設施設置決策之探討,成功大學交通管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 23、唐富藏(1990),運輸學,第二版。
  4. 27、張孟孔、陳建旭、許阿明(2006),發展理論量化人手孔對鋪面平坦度之影響,臺灣公路工程,第32卷第17、18期,頁44-57。
  5. 28、張美娟(2003),國內有線電視發展數位電視服務經營策之研究,師範大學圖文傳播學系研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 傅振暘(2014)。應用模糊層級分析法建構校內科展評分最佳模式之研究-以建臺高中校內科展為例。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2014。1-88。 
  2. 卜繁偉(2011)。應用模糊層級分析法評估消費者對銀行服務品質之探討。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2011。1-57。
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