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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.林彥廷,2014。頁岩油產量對於國際原油價格報酬率之影響-門檻多變量GARCH模型之應用,臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文
  2. 3.林信助、郭炳伸、陳虹均,2012。能源價格衝擊與臺灣總體經濟,臺灣經濟預與政策,42卷2期。
  3. 4.林俊賢,2012。產業因素及總體經濟變動對塑膠公司獲利之關聯性研究,淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。
  4. 5.林師模、張彩姿、林晉勗、翁永和,2010。能源及原物料價格上漲之跨國傳遞效果,臺灣經濟預測與政策,40卷2期。
  5. 6.李坤松,2013。石化供應鏈對原料價格之影響─以乙烯醋酸為例,國立中正大學國際經濟研究所學位論文。
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