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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 301 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭海麟,《從歷史與國際法看釣魚台主權歸屬》。臺北:海峽學術出版社,2003年。
  2. 羅伯特.杰維斯﹙Robert Jervis﹚著,秦亞青譯,《國際政治中的知覺與錯誤知覺》。北京:世界知識出版社,2003年。
  3. 張啟雄,〈兩岸關係理論之建構:「名分秩序論」的研究途徑〉,收入包宗和、吳玉山編,《重新檢視爭辯中的兩岸關係理論》。臺北:五南圖書公司,2009年。
  4. 任天豪,〈中華民國對琉球歸屬問題的態度及其意義﹙1948-1952﹚——以《外交部檔案》為中心的探討〉,《興大歷史學報》,第22期,﹙2010年2月﹚。
  5. 安藤仁介著、黃居正譯,〈論光華寮案與國際法〉,《臺灣國際法季刊》,第3卷第3期,﹙2006年9月﹚。
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