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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐世勳、吳秉叡(2002)。〈WTO架構下開放對大陸投資之經貿影響評估〉。《臺灣經濟預測與政策》,第33卷第1期,頁75-110。
  2. 徐進鈺(2003)。〈邁向學習性經濟中的創意型城市:兼論台北的機會與限制〉。《研考雙月刊》,第27卷第4期,頁66-75。
  3. 寇健文(2005)。〈中共菁英政治與質性分析:原始資料來源與分析方法〉。《臺灣政治學刊》,第9卷第2期,頁233-278。
  4. 吳松林(2006)。〈全球化下的城市競爭策略〉。《研考雙月刊》,第30卷第5期,頁3-12。
  5. 汪正洋(2006)。〈地方政府推動地方策略性行銷管理〉。《中國地方自治》,第59卷第6期,頁19-36。
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