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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 213 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院農委會。2007。動物用藥品使用手冊第三版。行政院農委會動植物防疫
  2. 台灣區動物用藥品工業同業公會。1990。畜牧業與動物藥品之使用。台灣區動
  3. 安巴素(avoparcin)造成的潛在性危機。院內感染控制雜誌。12:31-43
  4. 張上淳、陳美文、林美智、胡幼圃。2000。台灣人用抗生素與動物用抗生素使用量之調查研究。感染控制雜誌第。13:334-345。
  5. 會專輯。行政院農業委員會動植物防疫檢疫局。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳翰典(2015)。四環素與非離子型界面活性劑改質膨潤土的交互作用。中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文。2015。1-74。 
  2. 陳百嫺(2016)。銅與鋅離子影響四環黴抗生素與礦物的交互作用及抗藥性。中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文。2016。1-90。
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