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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王志文(2005),農漁會信用部對全國農業金庫制度信任之研究,國立台灣大學農業推廣學研究所博士論文。
  2. 3. 吳秉楠(2008),台灣壽險業信用評等模型之研究,國立中興大學應用經濟學系碩士論文。
  3. 8. 李明萱(2006),我國銀行金融預警模型之實證研究,國立台灣大學會計學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 10. 李鍵欣、吳榮杰、顏晃平(2009),「應用共同邊界模型探討農會信用部生產效率之研究」,台灣銀行季刊,60(4):79-94。
  5. 11. 沈中華(2001),「金控公司的銀行與獨立銀行CAMEL比較:1997~1998」,台灣金融財務季刊,3(2):73-94。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡建輝(2015)。併購對銀行經營效率之影響─以某銀行併購案為例。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2015。1-53。 
  2. 顏慶華(2013)。農會信用部授信評估因素之研究-以某農會為例。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2013。1-52。 
  3. 顏志宏(2013)。臺中市大里區農會績效分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-114。 
  4. 郭子楠(2013)。農會信用部經營績效與經營環境關聯性之研究。中正大學經濟系國際經濟研究所學位論文。2013。1-76。
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