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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳肇展 (2010)。民宿經營關鍵成功因素之個案研究-資源基礎理論觀點。管理實務與理論研究,4(4),142-163。
  2. 周聰佑、許嘉倫 (2008)。產品創新對顧客忠誠度影響之探討。朝陽商管評論,7(1),1-26。
  3. 林南宏、何慶煌 (2007)。創業精神與經濟指標的關聯性研究:1996~2005 的實證分析。創業管理研究,2(4),113-142。
  4. 林婷鈴、謝美珍、劉恆逸、郭淑怡 (2010)。創業家精神、互補產業、國際市場機會與品牌建構之研究─以台灣運動休閒產業製造商個案為例。輔仁管理評論,17(3),85-110。
  5. 洪世雄、陳曉天、葉欣愷 (2010)。行銷知識管理能力、產品創新對顧客滿意度之影響-以知覺價值為中介變數。東亞論壇季刊,469,1-25。
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