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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] B.H. Lee, Y.D. Kim, J.H. Shin, and K.H. Lee, “Surface modification by alkali and heat treatments in titanium alloys,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. A, 61 (2002) 466.
  2. [2] X. Sun, and Y. Li, “Synthesis and characterization of ion-exchangeable titanate nanotubes,” Chem. Eur. J., 9 (2003) 2229.
  3. [3] K.R. Zhu, Y. Yuan, M.S. Zhang, J.M. Hong, Y. Deng, and Z. Yin, “Structural transformation from NaHTi3O7 nanotube to Na2Ti6O13 nanorod,” Solid State Commun., 144 (2007) 450.
  4. [4] Y.C. Chieh, C.C. Yu, and F.H. Lu, “Epitaxial growth of BaTiO3 films on TiN/Si substrates by a hydrothermal-galvanic couple method,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 90 (2007) 032904.
  5. [6] H.P. Teng, Y.C. Chieh, and F. H. Lu, “Preparation of BaZrO3 films by physical vapor deposition and a novel hydrothermal duplex technique,” Thin Solid Films, 516 (2007) 364.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹薰述(2015)。以水熱-化學電池法於TiN/Si基材上製備BaxSr1-xTiO3薄膜之特性研究。中興大學材料科學與工程學系所學位論文。2015。1-69。 
  2. 吳効泓(2015)。以水熱-化學電池法於ZrN/Si上製備BaZrO3薄膜及成長機制分析。中興大學材料科學與工程學系所學位論文。2015。1-95。 
  3. 陳祺涵(2014)。以低Ba離子濃度在水熱-化學電池法生成BaTiO3薄膜機制之探討。中興大學材料科學與工程學系所學位論文。2014。1-58。 
  4. 蔡右相(2013)。水熱-化學電池法中以低Sr離子濃度生成SrTiO3薄膜之研究。中興大學材料科學與工程學系所學位論文。2013。1-85。 
  5. 簡榛密(2012)。以水熱-化學電池法在鍍氮化鈦膜基材上製備鈦酸鋇膜與應用於天線之研究。中興大學材料科學與工程學系所學位論文。2012。1-91。 
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