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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 朱碧靜。「圖書館與終身學習」。台北市立圖書館館訊13卷2期(民84年12月),頁35-40。
    2. 吳美美。「在新時空座標中的圖書館功能---談資訊素養教育」。圖書館學與資訊科學 22 卷2 期(民85 年10 月),頁29-52。
    3. 吳美美。「資訊素養與媒體素養─數位時代的素養與素養教育」。台灣教育629期(民93年10月),頁9-14。
    4. 吳清山、林天佑。「教育名詞:媒體素養」。教育資料與研究57期(民93 年),頁93-94。
    5. 吳清山、林天佑。「教育名詞:資訊素養」。教育資料與研究。57期(民93 年),頁95-96。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 耿巧雲(2010)。繪本共讀對家庭閱讀環境不佳幼兒故事理解與閱讀行為影響之研究。臺東大學幼兒教育學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-99。 
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