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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王德睦、何華欽、劉一龍,「所得成長、所得不均與家戶變遷對貧窮率之影響:以台灣地區1990年至2004年為例」,台灣社會福利學刊,7(1),9-63。
  2. 林金源、朱雲鵬,2002,「台灣跨期薪資所得不均度之研究:因素分析法的應用」,中央研究院經濟研究所經濟論文,30(3),1-361。
  3. 吳宜臻,2009,「所得不均度與物價膨脹率之門檻效果分析」,碩士論文,淡江大學經濟學系。
  4. 莊希豐,1999,「國內外人力資本與經濟成長-臺灣實證分析」,淡江人文社會學刊,4,65-90。
  5. 莊希豐、陳亞為,2011,「貿易開放與所得不均:以門檻迴歸分析法分析」,臺北大學經濟學系出版經濟研究,47(2),185-224。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何宜賢(2016)。臺灣房地產對於貧富差距的影響。臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系學位論文。2016。1-66。
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