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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 234 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林淑馨(2010)。《質性研究:理論與實務》。臺北:巨流出版社。
  2. 王京明、鄭郁儒(2012)。〈德班氣候會議與臺灣應有的對策〉。《經濟前瞻》,第139期,頁91-99。
  3. 王崑義、蔡裕明(2004)。〈全球化、人類安全與後SARS時代:兩岸非傳統安全的新議題〉。《遠景基金會季刊》,第5卷第2期,頁153-195。
  4. 田君美(2008)。〈中國糧食問題與全球糧食危機〉。《經濟前瞻》,第118期,頁45-50。
  5. 吳立華(2008)。〈「氣候變遷:發展中國家的衝擊、弱點及調適」摘譯〉。《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第59期,頁7-13。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 濱島日華(2016)。兩岸簽署環境保護合作協議之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-251。 
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