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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Buchman, G.W., Banerjee, S., and Hansen, J.N. (1988) Structure, expression, and evolution of a gene encoding the precursor of nisin, a small protein antibiotic. J Biol Chem 263: 16260-16266.
  2. Daeschel, M. (1989) Antimicrobial substances from lactic acid bacteria for use as food preservative. Food Technol 43: 164-167.
  3. Daw, M.A., and Falkiner, F.R. (1996) Bacteriocins: nature, function and structure. Microbiology 27: 467-479.
  4. Ennahar, S., Sashihara, T., Sonomoto, K., and Ishizaki, A. (2000) Class IIa bacteriocins: biosynthesis, structure and activity. FEMS Microbiol Rev 24: 85-106.
  5. Fredericq, P. (1957) Colicins. Ann Rev Microbiol 11: 7-22.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇峻民(2011)。Xanthomonas fragariae 穿孔素基因 (orf74) 及溶菌酶基因 (orf169) 表現及功能分析。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2011。1-132。 
  2. 羅右瑋(2010)。Xanthomonas albilineans 細菌素基因選殖及 Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines 細菌素基因表現之探討。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2010。1-104。 
  3. 林平國(2009)。Xanthomonas fragariae 細菌素之純化與特性探討。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2009。1-105。 
  4. 郭乃瑜(2007)。Xanthomonas albilineans 及 Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines 細菌素之探討。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2007。1-95。 
  5. 林思汝(2012)。Xanthomonas fragariae 細菌素宿主目標辨識變異株之篩選及確認。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2012。1-74。
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