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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仕圖(2007)「社區型非營利組織資源動員與整合:以社區發展協會為例」,台灣社會福利學刊5(2):103-137。
  2. 王居卿、余強生、吳欣玫(2003)「臺灣生技醫藥健康產業推動電子市集的關鍵成功因素研究」,電子商務研究1(1):41-66。
  3. 王順美、沈姍姍(1999)「自發性社區環境行動個案探討」,師大學報44(1):17-30。
  4. 余明助、李國慧、陳婉青(2005)「以階層程序分析法探討中小企業新產品開發成功關鍵因素之研究」,中華管理學報6(4):1-17。
  5. 吳青松(1993)「臺灣資訊電子業關鍵成功因素之探討」,管理科學學報10(1):5-21。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉逸雅(2009)。社區營造與社會資本關係之探討-以大稻埕歷史風貌特定專用區都市再生計畫案為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-315。 
  2. 曾瑋芬(2011)。桃園縣大溪鎮仁和里社區耕作實踐之行動研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2011。1-151。 
  3. 江秋君(2009)。以歷史變遷觀點探討社區營造方向。屏東科技大學景觀暨遊憩管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-86。 
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