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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國樑、張美玲與陳麗雪(2009),台灣地方法院管理效率之探討:三階段資料包絡分析法之應用,管理學報,Vol. 26,pp. 559-576。
  2. 李東杰與吳坤龍(2007),台灣液晶顯示器相關產業管理效率與影響因素之探討,企業管理學報,Vol. 74, pp. 99-136。
  3. 周德宇(2005),在供應鏈中觸控面板製造商的最佳採購模式,碩士論文,中原大學企業管理研究所。
  4. 邱昰芳(2009),台灣經濟研究院產經資料庫,2009年觸控面板業產業分析。
  5. 邱昰芳(2009),台灣經濟研究院產經資料庫,觸控面板製造業基本資料。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊英鑪(2014)。觸控面板市場中小規模廠商競爭分析。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2014。1-90。
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