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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 張文宏、陳世銘。1993。以機器視覺引導機器人選別水果。農業機械學刊。2(3):11-24。
  2. 4. 萬一怒。1998。糙米品質自動檢測分級系統:(一)檢測系統之研製。農業機械學刊。7(1):57-71。
  3. 5. 謝志誠、林勁助。1994。以類神經網路技術作青椒形狀及大小之分級。農業機械學刊。3(3):15-27。
  4. 6. 欒家敏、洪錫鵬、彭文泓。1996。以直角座標機器人移植組織培養苗的試驗研究。農業機械學刊。5(1):29-40。
  5. 9. 陳志杰。2005。應用影像處理於蓮霧外部品質檢測之應用研究。碩士論文。台中:中興大學生物產業機電工程學系。
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