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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林文玲及傅鐘仁,2011,企業社會責任之揭露對會計資訊價值攸關性-以台灣資訊電子業上市公司為例,商管科技季刊,12(2),209-229。
  2. 李秀英、劉俊儒及楊筱翎,2011,企業社會責任與公司績效之關聯性,東海管理評論,13(1),77-112。
  3. 洪千雅,2014,華人地區之迎合理論、市場錯價、盈餘管理對投資決策與公司價值的影響,國立中山大學財務管理學系研究所碩士論文。
  4. 邱毅,2000,「追求利益或社會責任」,經濟前瞻雙月刊,第71期,頁114-116。
  5. 劉美君,2008,以企業社會責任觀點衡量全球半導體產業經營效率之研究,國立中央大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
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