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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11.鍾倫納,1993,應用社會科學研究法,臺北:臺灣商務。
  2. 2.曹清海,2008,臺中市觀光產業發展之研究,臺中市政府-中正地政事務所。
  3. 3.藍逸之,2013,一個新自由城市、兩種都市政權?1997後香港都市治理的空間爭議,城市學學刊,第四卷,第一期,頁87-139。
  4. 6.向雯涵,2009,臺中市中區都市再生之研究,國立臺灣師範大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 8.蘇庭玉,2014,人民的城市翻轉力—以台中市中區為例,中原大學室內設計碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 温心(2017)。舊城區的環境變遷-以臺中中區與福岡中央區為例。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-78。
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