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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林顯豪,2007。底泥穿刺阻力與沙質潮間帶大型底棲無脊椎動物豐度的關係。國立臺灣大學生命科學系漁業科學所碩士論文。
  2. 施習德,1997。屬於福爾摩莎的「台灣招潮」,何去何從?記台灣特有種招潮蟹 的現況。台灣博物54: 68-80。
  3. 徐元傑,2010。台灣產厚蟹類(厚蟹/張口蟹複合群)的熱耐受性與地理分佈之 探討。國立中興大學生命科學系碩士論文。
  4. 陳曉怡,2008。台灣招潮蟹棲地保育之底質特徵探討:以麥寮為例,國立台灣 大學漁業科學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 黃國文,2012。華江濕地小水鴨度冬棲地之適應性管理。國立臺灣大學工學院 土木工程學系博士論文。
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