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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 方珍玲、陳美芬(2013)。建構台灣農村幸福感及指標之芻議。農業推廣文彙,58,151-162。
  2. 3. 王秀娟、翟天健(2013)。社區參與水岸環境改善之行動研究-以南崁溪沿岸龜山、桃園與蘆竹社區為例。設計研究學報,6,21-32。
  3. 4. 王珮蓉(2015)。《農村再生計畫對居民生活品質滿意度及社區參與度之影響-以台南市農村社區為例》。高雄市,國立中正大學公共事務管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 5. 王碧雲、徐俊雄、李世昌(2011)。銀髮族生活滿意度之研究。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,10(3),37-48。
  5. 7. 何華欽、林宏陽、戴品芳、何華倫(2016)。高齡者社區參與對心理福祉的影響:以屏東縣社區關懷據點為例。台灣社區工作與社區研究學刊, 6(3), 45-80。
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