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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王育文、施慧?、王麗涵 (2010) 桃米社區觀光客旅遊行為特徵、心理動機和對目的地形象知覺之研究。休閒事業研究,8(2),124-142。
  2. 王青怡 (2011) 休閒效益與生活品質對生活滿意度預測之研究。國立中興大學森林學系碩士論文。台中市。
  3. 呂惠富 (2008) 休閒運動之參與動機與休閒效益關係之研究。休閒產業管理學刊,1(1),41-53。
  4. 李素馨、郭彰仁、張肇翰、謝宗恒 (2010) 國家森林遊樂區之遊憩體驗與知覺復癒關係研究─以內洞國家森林遊樂區為例。戶外遊憩研究,23(2),1-24。
  5. 杜春治、黃郁玲 (2009) 瑜珈運動對健康效益的影響。成大體育,41(2),48-57。
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