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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 299 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (3)辛克爾 (1969) 臺灣之育林與林木遺傳。聯合國發展方案中華民國林業及森林工業發展計畫pp162。(原著英文版之中譯本)(Hinkle, E. H. (1969) Final report silviculture and forest genetics in Taiwan. Forest and forest industry development project. A project of the Republic of China assisted by the united nations development program and the food and agriculture organization of the United Nations. pp162.)
  2. (13)徐仁賢 (1978) 林木無性繁殖-嫁接。 臺灣省政府農林廳林務局Pp55。
  3. (27)行政院農業委員會林務局 (2010) 育林實務手冊 p57-68。
  4. (28)向韻如、吳宗賢、黃士穎、林敏宜 (2004) 臺灣肖楠的組織培養。華岡農科學報14:17-32。
  5. (33)宋子萱、余采柔、許立昇、鍾振德、張上鎮、張惠婷 (2009) 臺灣肖楠葉子抽出物之抗氧化活性評估。中華林學季刊42(4):623-631。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 嚴孝榕(2007)。台灣肖楠小孢子發育和花粉發育之研究。臺灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所學位論文。2007。1-128。 
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