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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳新民(1999)。《論憲法人民基本權利的限制》。台北:元照。
  2. 沈六(2000)。〈臺灣地區大專學生公民發展之研究〉。《公民訓育學報》,第9期,頁32-33。
  3. 何月妃(2005)。〈A Study of Two-way Communication Model Applie in Organizational Crisis Management〉。《中華管理學報》,第6卷第4期,頁19-34。
  4. 杜文苓(2010)。〈環評決策中公民參與的省思:以中科三期開發爭議為例〉。《公共?政學報》,第35期,頁29-60。
  5. 吳明上(2012)。〈日本內閣的危機管理:「阪神?淡路大地震」VS.「東日本大地震」〉。《危機管理學刊》,第9卷第1期,頁40-47。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅景賢(2015)。徵收神明:民間信仰與土地徵收的互動關係。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。
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