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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志弘(2011)。《文化治理與空間政治》。臺北:群學。
  2. 劉阿榮(2007)。《都市治理與地方永續發展》。臺北:揚智文化。
  3. 江大樹、曾士瑋(2011)。〈城市競爭力與都會創新治理〉。《研考雙月刊》,第36卷第6期,頁27-43。
  4. 吳松林(2008)。〈臺灣跨域治理發展前瞻探討:全球在地化契機〉。《研考雙月刊》,第32卷第5期,頁16-25。
  5. 吳英明(1993)。〈公私部門協力關係和「公民參與」之探討〉。《中國行政評論》,第2卷第3期,頁1-14。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江俊賢(2015)。易服社會勞動制度之研究-以夥伴關係觀點。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2015。1-187。 
  2. 胡智鈞(2016)。臺中市中區再生之研究:區域創新觀點。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2016。1-146。
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