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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鐘和、邱麗蓉、林毓雯。2006。蔬菜園土壤有效太氮測定研究。土壤與環境 11(1、2): 27-36。
  2. 吳伊婷。2012。氮肥施用量對鳳梨果實內部褐化及水浸狀生理障礙之影響。國立臺灣大學園藝研究所碩士論文。 99pp。
  3. 吳宜璋。2012。套袋與氮肥對鳳梨果皮轉色及果肉水浸狀之影響。國立臺灣大學園藝研究所碩士論文。 77pp。
  4. 呂明雄。1975。愛文與凱特芒果成熟度之研究。中國園藝 vol.21 No.4: p192-197。
  5. 呂姿儀。2009。氮肥施用量與果房包覆對‘台農二號’番木瓜果實品質及污斑之影響。國立中興大學園藝研究所碩士論文。122 pp。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 倪鈺林(2016)。氮和‘愛文’芒果果皮轉色不全之關係。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2016。1-78。
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