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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王家通(2000)。升學競爭如何解決—以台灣高中入學制度為例。載於亞洲儒家文化圈(地區)升學競爭問題之比較研究—國際學術研討會—會議手冊(102-112頁)。行政院國家科學委員會、教育部顧問室主辦、國立臺灣師範大學教育學系、國立臺灣師範大學教育研究中心承辦。
  2. 李玉鳳(2001)。運用多元智慧理論改善學生學習態度之行動研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北師範學院數理教育研究所,台北。
  3. 李有在(2000)。從睡眠不足看多元入學的隱憂。師友月刊,397,26-27。
  4. 何文慶(2001)。從基本學力測驗談起。師友月刊,405,34-36。
  5. 吳怡儒(2012)。彰化縣偏遠地區國中學生數學學習態度及其影響因素之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立中興大學,台中。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張綉凰(2014)。免試入學方案對國中生數學學習動機之影響—以台中市某國中為例。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2014。1-138。 
  2. 陳文宗(2014)。十二年國民教育政策之超額比序辦法是升學壓力的來源嗎?-以中投區為例。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2014。1-81。
  3. 陳玫芳(2015)。合作學習融入九年級幾何數學之研究─以圓形為例。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2015。1-105。
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