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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤進欽、曾夢蛟、陳良築。1996。蘇力菌殺蟲晶體蛋白基因轉移到青花菜、花椰菜及小白菜。中國園藝42: 312-330。
  2. 高穗生、謝奉家。2003。本土蘇力菌基因選殖及應用。植物保護學會特刊 新五號(植物保護管理永續發展研討會專刊)。p.249-258。
  3. 曾經洲、高穗生、陳良築、翟建富、侯豐男。2002。蘇力菌台灣分離株cry1Ac 基因之選殖與表現測試。植物保護學會會刊 44: 185-208。
  4. 廖芳心。1998。應用花粉管基因導入輔助甘藍抗黑腐病育種之研究。中國園藝。44(1): 55-63。
  5. Barton, K. A., H. R. Whiteley and N. S. Yang. 1987. Bacillus thuringiensis δ-endotoxin expressed in transgenic Nicotiana tabacum provides resistance to lepidopteran insect. Plant Physiol. 85: 1103-1109.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀銘坤(2015)。D型胺基酸氧化酵素(daao)、轉榖氨醯胺酵素(tga)及溶菌酶(lys)基因轉殖至小白菜之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2015。1-157。 
  2. 朱宛茹(2010)。D型胺基酸氧化酵素基因(daao)作為甘藍葉綠體基因轉殖的篩選標誌基因之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2010。1-80。 
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